America's Correctional System: Alternatives to Current National Practice
by Francis P. Koster, Ed.D.
As of January 2009, the United States had a population of 305 million. 2.3 million of them are behind bars. We have the highest percentage of our citizens in jail of any nation in the world. Additionally, the number of people on probation or parole has propelled the population of the American corrections system to more than 7.3 million, or 1 in every 31 U.S. adults.
Nationally, the most incarcerated group of people is males from the age of 25 through the age of 29 – they are incarcerated at a rate of 3,390 per 100,000. Within that group of men, Whites are incarcerated at a rate of 1,666 per 100,000 persons, Hispanics at…