Texting for CPR Feasible in Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest —City's EMS system to alert nearby trained laypersons raised rates of early CP
by Crystal Phend, Senior Staff Writer, MedPage Today
Reprinted with permission by Michelle Nostheide, American Heart Association
Pulling in nearby CPR-trained lay people via mobile-phone dispatch while paramedics are on their way to an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest appears feasible, a Swedish study showed.
The rate of bystander CPR jumped to 62% with use of a mobile-phone positioning system in Stockholm that could instantly locate and dispatch one of about 6,000 mobile-phone users within 500 m (less than a third of a mile) who were trained in CPR and volunteered to be available.
By comparison, that rate…
A More Personalized Approach to Reducing Infant Mortality in Columbus, Ohio
Facing one of the highest infant mortality rates in the country, Columbus, Ohio, is taking the time to understand its unique causes.
by Mattie Quinn | January 14, 2016
as appeared in “Governing”
Health officials in Columbus, Ohio, have long known that they're facing a health crisis. Ohio has the fourth-highest infant mortality rate in the country. In Franklin County, which includes Columbus, 150 infants a year -- almost three a week -- die before reaching their first birthdays.
As officials studied the issue more, they realized the best way to fix it is to understand and address the unique problems leading to infant mortality in each individual neighborhood.
Fixing Cavities in America's Dental System
by Francis P. Koster, Ed.D.
If someone invited you to compete for a prize of $1000 to quickly create a method to identify poor people by looking at them, you could win easily by saying "Look at their teeth." One recent study found that by the time the poorest 20% of the population reach aged 70, they have 8 fewer teeth than the top 20%. Many of the remaining teeth are broken in some way.
Dental problems later in life are usually rooted in childhood. About 19 million American children (12 million poor) lack dental coverage, and/or do not live near dentists that will see them. This problem is about to get worse. About…
Computerized Cognitive Speed of Processing Training Reduces Dementia Incidence
from the AAIC (Alzheimer’s Association International Conference) Press Conference in Toronto
Jerri D. Edwards, PhD
Huiping Xu, PhD
Daniel O. Clark, PhD
Lesley A Ross, PhD
Fred W. Unverzagt, PhD
as summarized by Jean Kadela
The Advanced Cognitive Training in Vital Elderly Study (ACTIVE) was a multisite, randomized controlled trial whose objective was to examine the effects of three different cognitive training techniques on time to incident dementia among community dwelling older adults.
Eligible participants had an average age of 73.6 years, and had completed baseline assessments of cognitive abilities (memory, reasoning and speed…
A No Cost Improvement to America's Healthcare System You Can Make
by Francis P. Koster, Ed.D.
In the world of medicine, a 3 year project has figured out that doing something simple increases patient health and satisfaction, while having the potential to reduce the annual cost to society for healthcare by billions of dollars. And wonder of wonders, this does not depend on computers, or insurance policies, or politicians of any stripe.
The concept, called Open Notes, is simple - after each visit to the doctor or hospital, the patient is given a copy of what the caregiver wrote in their chart. It is that easy.
Research shows that most patients forget more than three quarters of what the doctor tells them during the visit. And…